trees planted


Intensive agriculture in Spain has led to severe deforestation and desertification issues in some areas, causing periodic droughts, fires, soil erosion and important pollution problems (water and soil).

“Espana Organica” project supports small and medium scale Spanish farmers to develop sustainable agricultural practices as a solution to overcome the local economic crisis. It includes a diversity of initiatives such as transition to organic farming, diversification of revenues through the planting of fruit trees (olives, almonds, pistachios), protection of biodiversity and natural habitats (especially for birds)…


Toledo province, Spain


Agroforestry and reforestation

Local partner

Fundación Global Nature



supply chain

Fruits and Vegetables

Local partner

Fundacion Global Nature is a Spanish foundation specialized in biodiversity conservation, restoration of habitats and threatened species as well as in the development of sustainable agricultural activities. They provide technical assistance to the farmers, and are in charge of coordinating the local operations.

Plantation models

Species planted

Tamarisk - Tamarix Gallica

Tamarisk – Tamarix Gallica

Holm oak - Quercus Ilex

Holm oak – Quercus Ilex

Broom - Retama Sphaerocarpa

Broom – Retama Sphaerocarpa

Olive tree - Olea europaea

Olive tree – Olea europaea

More information


Around 50 small and medium scale farmers (15 hectares on average) producing cereals, vines and olives in and around Villacanas and Madridejos cities. Villacanas people in particular have been badly affected by the economic crisis in 2012 when 80% of the city plants closed down (70% of the doors of Spain used to be produced in Villacanas). Some people decided to start new activities and convert to agriculture. Some are following organic practices as this helps ensure the sustainability of their project in the longterm. Farmers are also getting organized to sell collectively their production through local cooperatives.


File Description
pdf Reporting-project-2020_Espana-Organica
pdf Espana Organica Restoring ecosystems and promoting social welfare with farmers of La Mancha
pdf 2014 progress report
pdf 2013 progress report