Created in 2017 this project aims at:
- Increasing, diversifying and securing farmers revenues by implanting agroforestry with trees and crops
- Reducing landslides and erosions (water and wind) on slopes
- Improving soil conditions (fertility, water retention capacity and health) on farmland
- Increasing and preservinglocal biodiversity
- Implement waste management practices in the local community
- Share ecology principles and sustainable agricultural practices with farmers (trees impact on soils, composting, alternative pest and disease control, etc.)
“When I was young, slopes of Ningbian were covered with bushes and big trees. In the 1980’s, after the economic reforms, the economic level of the region wasn’t rising while more freedom was given to the farmers. They used it to cut trees until none of them remained. Since then, no reforestation project has ever been held in Ningbian, what you can easily see with your own eyes!” – Mr Wang Dengrong
Yunnan province, land of red earth, is in a mountainous area with high elevations. The province is rich in natural resources and has the largest diversity of plant life in China but is severely affected by deforestation.
Zhaoyang is not the most gifted of Yunnan regions. Located in the mountainous North-Eastern of the province, Zhaoyang district of Zhaotong city also experienced large scale of deforestation in the 20th century. Forest has been turned into farmland which is mainly dominated by the traditional monoculture system with potato and corn plantation. This system is now of low economic and ecological contributions to the community.
More recently, during the rural-urban migration wave when young villagers left home and farmland to work in the cities, much farmland is left abandoned.
Since 2017, Zhaoyang project has restored trees on both farmland in operation and abandoned farmland in over 10 villages in Zhaoyang county, aiming at improving biodiversity and local ecosystems while providing farmers with a better diverse farming income through agroforestry and reforestation.
Agroforestry and reforestation
Local partnerYunnan Green Development Environment Foundation
Achievements343 500 trees planted (environmental & fruit trees)
supply chainFruits and Vegetables
The project is implemented in partnership by the Yunnan Green Development Environment Foundation (YGF), a local foundation. The implementation team – former Initiative Développement staff – is already experienced in reforestation projects, with a deep local anchorage and good relationship with the local authorities.
7 fruit tree species: Walnut, Chestnut, Apricot, Apple, Cherry, Aralia Chinensis, Hazelnut. These trees will bring a significant revenue to the farmers while requiring less management compared to crops.
7 environmental species: cypress, gingko, Robinia pseudoaccacia, Pinus Armandii, Cedar, Taxus Chinensis. These species have been selected as well adapted to their environment, and require a low care, what fits to their somehow harsh environment.
The project is located in several villages of the townships of Jing’an, Qinggangling, Xiaolongdong and Sujiayuan (Zhaoyang county). Trainings on agroforestry practices and sustainable forest management are key to ensure the success of the project. Villagers are involved at every stage from project design to project implementation and monitoring. The local forestry department is actively engaged in trainings.